Business and Economy of Silchar

Silchar, located on the southern bank of the Barak River is an important commercial hub of the state. Silchar acts as a gateway to Mizoram, Tripura and Manipur. The town plays a pivotal role in the supply of essential commodities to these states. Several organizations like medical college, All India radio station, TV station has helped the city grow in importance. Lakhipur the richest pine-apple growing area in the country is located again on the bank of Barak.


Tea garden in Assam

Economy of Silchar

Factors like poor communication, geographical remoteness, lack of proper infrastructural facilities are the some of the causes behind the low level of economic growth of Silchar. However, the town, over the past few years, has seen an influx of people from neighbouring places due to increase in prospects and other developments in the field of healthcare, and job opportunities. Recently, the town is getting over crowded due to the booming real estate market and other commercial enterprises. On the other hand  horticulture, agriculture, forestry are forming the important economic sectors of Silchar.

Agriculture contributes largely to the economy of Silchar. Majority of the people of the area are dependent upon agriculture. The tribal people of the area practice a distinctive feature of agriculture known as the Jhum Cultivation. During the autumn season the cultivation is normally done either as a single crop or as mixed crop along with ginger, Maize, chillies turmeric and other vegetables. Some horticultural crops cultivation, such as orange, pineapple,banana and papaya occupy a important role in the agricultural economy of the area.

The agro climatic conditions of Silchar are conducive for different agricultural activities such as development of the plantation crops like rubber, tea, coffee, cashew, coconut, areca nut and also aromatic plant like Patchouli.

Livestock and poultry also contribute to the economic growth of Silchar. They hold a important position in the rural economy. The most common livestock animals are Buffalo and pig while duck and hen consists the poultry birds. The Forest products comprises of bamboo, cane and timber.

Industry in Silchar

Silchar, in the recent year have seen development of some small scale industries. Coal, Tea and Lac consists of the main industry of the region. Since the time immemorial, many cottage industries have existed among the people of the area. Small Scale industry includes:

  • Weaving Industry
  • Eri silk Industry
  • Cane and Bamboo Industry
  • Metal Industry Industry
  • Saw mills Industry

Newly Grown up Industry in Silchar

  • Agricultural Industries
  • Rice and Flour Miling
  • Chemical Industry
  • Brick making Industry


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